Why a Culture of Safety?
The statistics on patient deaths due to medical error are alarming. Even still, these statistics don’t take into account serious temporary or permanent physical and psychological harm caused by medical error, nor do they include harm to the healthcare workforce. Medical errors impact caregivers greatly, from concern for their patients and job to possible isolation, depression and self-harm. The feeling of desolation after an incident is typically worse in organizations that lack supportive systems.
Overall, the rate of error leading to harm in healthcare environments is shockingly high, and can absolutely be reduced. Safety is not a topic that can be delegated, it starts with senior leadership and is the responsibility of every individual within the organization.
Safety As A Core Value
The hospital’s culture and values contribute to positive changes in the safety of both patients and the workforce. A 2016 survey by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) found:
- Just 64% of staff respondents felt reported mistakes led to positive changes.
- Only 45% responded positively to questions related to their organization’s non-punitive response to error.
Making occasional mistakes is unavoidable, but staff and patients need to be assured that safety incidents serve as learning opportunities for the organization, and that changes to improve and prevent future error are systematically undertaken at the highest institutional level. The responsibility for system-based errors and resulting financial costs ultimately fall on the CEO and Board of Directors, who are held accountable for ensuring a culture of safety.
Safety is not just an improvement initiative. Rather, it is a promised core value that directly impacts the wellbeing of patients and the workforce. In the long run, patient and workforce safety will not only be a moral imperative but will likely be critical to sustainability and essential to delivering on value.